2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 2: by K.V. Chalam, MD, PhD

By K.V. Chalam, MD, PhD

Offers the basic clinical grounding for present ophthalmic perform. Discussions hide ocular anatomy, embryology, the biochemistry and metabolism of the attention and the newest advancements in eye-related molecular and scientific genetics experiences. includes information regarding ocular pharmacotherapeutics, up-to-date drug info and a dialogue of the felony elements of clinical remedy. final significant revision 2009 2010.

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Extra info for 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 2: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology (Basic & Clinical Science Course)

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These regions are concerned with antigen processin g. The conjunctival epith elium varies from 2 to 5 cells in thickness. The basal cells are cuboidal and evolve into fl attened polyhedral cells as they reach the surface. The goblet cells (unicellular mucous glands) are concentrated in the inferior and medial portion of the conju nctiva. especiall y in the region of the caruncle and plica semilunaris. 1 region. Knop N, Knop E. Conjunctiva-associated lymphoid ti ssue in the human eye. Invest Ophthnlmol Vis Sci 2000,41 (6), 1270- 1279.

Because of the thinness of the sclera . strab ismus and retin al detachment surgery require careful placement of sutures. Scleral rupt ure following blunt trauma ca n occur at a number of si tes: in a circumferential arc parallel to the corneal li mbus opposite the site of impact, at the insertion of the rectus muscles, or at the equator of the globe. The most com mon site is the superonasal quadrant near the limbu s. The sclera, like the cornea, is essentially avascular except for the superfic ial vessels of the ep isclera an d the intrascleral vascular plexus located just posterior to the lim bus.

1995;39(6):4 51- 484. Spencer FR. Porter ID. Structural organ ization of the ex traocular muscles. In: Buttner- Ennever lA . ed. Neuroanatomy of the Oculomotor System. A msterdam : Elsevier; 1988. E elids The palpebral fissure is the exposed zone between the upper and lower eyelids (Fig 1-22). Normally. the adult fissure is 27- 30 mm long and 8- 11 mm wide. The upper eyelid. more mobile than the lower. can be raised IS mm by the action of the levator muscle alone. If the frontalis muscle of the brow is used.

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