By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary offers a entire survey of the complete variety of old close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the imperative kinds of historical structure inside their geographical and ancient context, and describes positive aspects of significant websites akin to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a few of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the diversities of usual historical architectural buildings comparable to pyramids, tombs and homes, info the development fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies expert terminology.
0203041070 grasp publication ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader structure)
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
In Egyptian BENT-AXIS APPROACH stone architecture, battered walls seem to be an archaic feature, imitating earth walls (eg in PYLONS). battlements The upper parts of fortification walls with lateral cover in the form of stepped walls (CRENELLATIONS). Battlements were of considerable strategic importance during the Bronze and Iron Age and are shown on numerous ancient ARCHITECTURAL REPRESENTATIONS. beam Long, strong piece of timber placed horizontally to support the floor or ceiling joists in a room.
It had particularly thick walls which may have supported a barrelvaulted ceiling. The interior decoration differed markedly from that found in Assyrian palaces; there were no carved orthostats, nor colossal LAMASSU-demons to guard the entrance. Instead, the walls were ornamented with wall paintings or murals of glazed bricks, featuring stylised plants and heraldic animals. At the NE corner of the palace which bordered the Euphrates, structures consisting of parallel vaulted corridors below ground level were discovered; these have sometimes been interpreted as the substructure of the famous ‘Hanging Gardens’ which the king was said to have built for his Median wife Amytis.
At ZINJIRLI five suites of well-equipped bathrooms in conjunction with rest rooms and toilets were discovered. battered Said of a wall when its face is inclined in such a way that the angle between the base and the top of the wall is between 60° and 75°. Battered walls are a characteristic feature of earth architecture, probably as the result of the moist plaster running down the vertical walls of a wattle and daub structure. This broadening of the base incidentally improved the stability of the building and thus the technique was also used in brick walls, especially for freestanding walls in defensive structures or those that were exposed to great lateral pressure as in ziggurats, where a great mass of crude brickwork had to be contained by a battered baked brick casing.