By Mark Tessler
Mark Tessler's hugely praised, accomplished, and balanced heritage of the Israeli-Palestinian clash from the earliest instances to the present―updated throughout the first years of the twenty first century―provides a confident framework for realizing fresh advancements and assessing the customers for destiny peace. Drawing upon a big selection of files and on examine by way of Palestinians, Israelis, and others, Tessler assesses the clash on either the Israelis' and the Palestinians' phrases. New chapters during this accelerated version elucidate the Oslo peace method, together with the explanations for its failure, and the political dynamics in Israel, the West financial institution, and Gaza at a severe time of transition.
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Extra info for A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
E. Many Judean Jews were subsequently deported to Babylonia, and for the first time in more than four hundred years the ancient Middle East was without an independent Hebrew state. The Babylonian conquest of Judah, and with it the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, brought to an end the first Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine and closed a critical chapter in the history of the Jewish people. For a time, at least, Palestine ceased to be the political center of Hebrew life. Although a majority of the Jews remained in Palestine following the loss of Israelite independence, the wealthiest and most cultured sectors of Hebrew society were removed to Babylonia, where they appear to have been treated well by local authorities, and where they soon established important centers of Jewish learning and legal scholarship.
E. The Jerusalem Talmud was compiled in Tiberias about two hundred years earlier, although the final edition was not completed until the fifth century. 6 In any event, the Talmud records the experience of the Jews through the Jewish History and the Emergence of Modern Political Zionism I 15 Second Israelite Commonwealth and into the early centuries of their exile and dispersion. Although it was not intended as an authoritative legal code, comparable to the laws of the Holy Bible, it came to be regarded as such.
So far as the Jews of the country are concerned, their presence was limited not only in magnitude but also in dispersion, involving concentrations only in Jerusalem and three other cities of special spiritual significance, Hebron, Tiberias, and Safad. Jerusalem contained approximately 50 percent of the total Jewish population of Palestine. Yet as late as 1833 there were only 3,000 Jews in the city. 22 Finally, the pious Jews of Palestine in no sense constituted an integrated or selfsufficient political community.