A Nation of Victims? Representations of German Wartime by Helmut SCHMITZ (Editor), Helmut SCHMITZ

By Helmut SCHMITZ (Editor), Helmut SCHMITZ

The re-emergence of the problem of wartime agony to the fore of German public discourse represents the best shift in German reminiscence tradition because the Historikerstreit of the Nineteen Eighties. The (international) recognition and debates prompted via, for instance, W.G. Sebald's Luftkrieg und Literatur, G??nter Grass's Im Krebsgang, J?¶rg Friedrich's Der model testify to a metamorphosis in concentration clear of the sufferers of nationwide Socialism to the worrying event of the 'perpetrator collective' and its legacies. the amount brings jointly German, English and Israeli literary and picture students and historians addressing concerns surrounding the illustration of German wartime struggling with the quick post-war interval to the current in literature, movie and public commemorative discourse. cut up into 4 sections, the amount discusses the illustration of Germans as sufferers in post-war literature and picture, the present reminiscence politics of the Bund der Vertriebenen, the general public commemoration of the air raids on Hamburg and Dresden and their illustration in movie, images, historiography and literature, the impression and reception of W.G. Sebald's Luftkrieg und Literatur, the illustration of flight and expulsion in modern writing, the matter of empathy in representations of Germans as sufferers and the illustration of ache and nationwide Socialism in Oliver Hirschbiegel's movie Der Untergang. desk of Contents** Introduction:** Helmut SCHMITZ: The go back of Wartime soreness in modern German reminiscence tradition, Literature and Film** 1. The Post-War Period** Gregor STREIM: Germans within the Lager. experiences and Narratives approximately Imprisonment in Post-War Allied Internment Camps** Hans-Joachim HAHN: 'Die, von denen guy erz?¤hlt hat, dass sie die kleinen Kinder schlachten.' Deutsche**Leiderfahrung und Bilder von Juden in der deutschen Kultur nach 1945. Zu einigen Texten Wolfgang Weyrauchs** Helen WOLFENDEN: The illustration of Wehrmacht infantrymen as sufferers in Post-War German Fi

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The memory of Allied internment in these narratives is in veiled but clearly recognisable competition with the memory of Nazi victims and the remembrance of Nazi victims. 27 This is recognisable in the stylised representation of the Allied camps as 38 Gregor Streim _________________________________________________________ copies of the Nazi camps, in the description of registration, marches, roll-calls and accommodation. Reports from Nazi camps are also thematised directly, specifically the function these reports fulfilled within the re-education programme.

The camp creates structures of communication and develops a characteristic ethos amongst the internees that proves the American re-education measures to be futile. 37 Naturally, German women who enter into relationships with American – sometimes even black! – soldiers function in this context as a negative topos. In this constellation, the internee does not only suffer for the whole of Germany by proxy, his suffering also appears as a personal sacrifice (Opfer) that he makes to the fatherland. 39 This idea of martyrdom with religious overtones also plays a significant role in Carl Schmitt’s autobiographical writings where he reflects on his various arrests by the Americans, for example in his Gesang eines Sechzigjährigen: Ich habe die Escavessaden des Schicksals erfahren, Siege und Niederlagen, Revolutionen und Restaurationen, Inflationen und Deflationen, Ausbombungen, Diffamierungen, Regimewechsel und Rohrbrüche, Hunger und Kälte, Lager und Einzelhaft.

166f. , p. 74. 31 Euringer, Die Sargbreite Leben, p. 53. g. Salomon, Der Fragebogen, p. 698. 33 Especially the US zone had wide ranging criteria for the arrests. Lutz Niethammer has shown with respect to the camp at Garmisch that 80% of internees were local and regional functionaries. See Lutz Niethammer, Entnazifizierung in Bayern. Säuberung und Rehabilitierung unter amerikanischer Besatzung, Fischer: Frankfurt am Main, 1972, p. 258. 48 Gregor Streim _________________________________________________________ 34 Since members of the military high command and of the general staff were interned in the course of ‘automatic arrest’ as well, a mix between civilian and military internees was common.

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