A Ruinous and Unhappy War: New England and the War of 1812 by James Ellis

By James Ellis

New England was once not easy hit by means of the conflict of 1812 with nice Britain. The warfare seriously injured the maritime and advertisement economic system and infected the variation in pursuits among the Northeast and the remainder of the rustic, the place agriculture used to be the mainstay. watching for the damage one other struggle with England might carry, New England's nearby leaders antagonistic it from the outset. celebration politics performed a big function. Federalists, dominant within the Northeast, at each flip badgered and challenged the struggle rules of the management and its majority Democratic Republican social gathering. New England's churchmen, nonetheless seriously prompted via Puritanism, railed opposed to the ungodly activities of the nationwide executive. yet fiscal concerns proved to be a better resource of dissension. From earliest instances, the background of latest England has been tied to the ocean. retailers, fishermen, and others depending on an open ocean have been devastated by way of the embargoes and blockades of the conflict. Unemployment deepened, companies failed, and privation unfold. This booklet pulls jointly fabric from interval assets (diaries, journals, logs, letters, govt files, newspapers) scattered in the course of the documents, libraries, museums, and city halls to piece jointly the historical past of America's northeastern seacoast from Connecticut to Maine. the writer livens the narrative by way of mixing unique stories of universal folks with the march of epic occasions and clashes.

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4 Another Englishman in the same year characterized New Englanders or Yankees in much the same terms. While cruising off New Hampshire, Lieutenant Henry Napier made an entry in his journal alluding to the craftiness he observed among the natives. “Self, the great ruling principle, more powerful with Yankees than any people I ever saw. ’”6 Timothy Dwight, himself of the region, put it a little differently. “A New Englander,” he thought, “often discerns means of business and profit which elsewhere are chiefly concealed from men of the same class.

Jefferson’s attempt to combat British and French hostile actions and policies by economic measures, including embargoes, gained little but the lasting enmity of the elements of society that depended on exporting and importing. Madison’s general acceptance of his predecessor’s policies assured the continuance of the deeply felt antagonism of manufacturers, merchants, mariners, and the like, many of them in New England. 1 Hough, Defence of the Clergy of New-England, 13. 2 Francis Brown, Evils of War, 20-21.

3, 1790-1813, Wiscasset, ME, 341-343. 5 Town of Topsham (ME) Memorial to Thomas Jefferson. 6 Town Records, Vol. B. 1775-1810, Wells, ME. 7 Records 1797-1815, Salisbury, MA, 136. 36 Chapter 3. A Dastardly, Inglorious Policy various evils that must result from a total suspention of their business having long habituated to a maritime employment, . . ”1 A Plymouth August 25 town meeting prepared a more learned request to the president. ”2 Plymouth went on to spell out in such language the harm experienced and asked the president to rescind the embargo, or if necessary, call Congress back for a special session to enact repeal.

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