By Marvin Zelkowitz Ph.D. MS BS.
Considering that its first quantity in 1960, Advances in Computers has provided distinctive assurance of strategies in and software program and in machine conception, layout, and functions. It has additionally supplied contributorswith a medium during which they could research their topics in larger intensity and breadth than that allowed by way of ordinary magazine articles. therefore, many articles became normal references that remain of important, lasting price regardless of the speedy progress happening within the box.
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Additional resources for Advances in Computers, Vol. 9
1. Block diagram of hybrid mechanization of PHYSBE as modified to include the requirements listed in the text. 1 Signal Flow The signal flow, insofar as the information concerning the value of problem variables is concerned, can be seen in Fig. 1. But that diagram does not show nearly all of the communication between the analog and digital computers required for hybrid simulation. As an illustration, consider first that part of the circulatory system in the example simulated on the analog computer, as indicated in Figs.
Typically the interface equipment will include, besides the Analogto-Digital Converters (ADCS) and the Digital-to-Analog Converters ( DACS), sense lines, interrupt lines, and control lines. A patchbay and/or some digital logic is also often included to allow flexibility in the routing of signals. Sense lines allow the digital computer t o interrogate the analog computer to determine some preselected condition of the analog computer or of the simulation. They carry only binary information; that is, they are either low (binary zero) or high (binary one).
But as already stated, computers are the best tools we have yet found for simulation; therefore, this discussion will be limited to computer simulation exclusively. 2. 1 1943 and O n Computer, or at least electronic circuit, simulation began as early as 1943 with a study of the dynamics of aircraft and guided bombs . After World War II, analog computers-or electronic differential analyzers or simulators, as they were variously called-began to emerge from the shadow of security classification.