Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the by Gabrielle V. Novacek

By Gabrielle V. Novacek

On January 29, 2005, the Oriental Institute celebrated the authentic public establishing of the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery. This party marked the go back of a few of the main amazing artifacts ever excavated within the southern Levant to everlasting public show. The Oriental Institute's prolific historical past of exploration within the quarter is testomony to a long-standing scholarly ardour for discovery and the pursuit of data. This quantity attracts from the momentum generated through the outlet of the Megiddo Gallery and provides a range of highlights from the Institute's larger Israel assortment.

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Among them is a suggestion that the name of the Israelite god, Yahweh, may have originally been part of a longer Ēl name. In other words, the worship of Yahweh may have originally been understood as a localized version of Ēl worship but eventually split off to become a unique religious system better reflecting the social organization of the Israelite community. edu the late bronze age 22. 2 cm OIM A22467 THIS BRONZE FIGURINE IS believed to represent the Canaanite god Ba‘al Hadad, son of the supreme creator deity Ēl.

These goddesses are generally depicted as being voluptuous and with large breasts. This figurine from a Late Bronze Age tomb is rendered in a characteristic and enduring stance, holding her breasts in her hands. Scholars believe that women kept these figurines for help in conception and childbirth. HUMAN FIGURINES HAVE BEEN The female figurines can most likely be associated with characters from the Canaanite pantheon of gods. A great mother goddess appears in Canaanite religious texts under several names, including Asherah, ‘Anat, Astarte, Ba‘alat, and Elath.

25. 6 cm OIM A22212 BE T W EEN 1600 A N D 1100 BC, the powerful city-state of Mycenae was the center of a civilization that dominated much of the Mediterranean world. Mycenaean Greece served as the backdrop to the epics of Homer and figures prominently in Greek mythology. In Homer’s Iliad, it was the Mycenaeans who defeated the city of Troy. Mycenaean interaction with the southern Levant during the Late Bronze Age is reflected in a range of artifacts from Megiddo, including this piece found among the Megiddo ivories.

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