By Jean-Pierre Olivier De Sardan
This e-book re-establishes the relevance of mainstream anthropological (and sociological) methods to improvement tactics and at the same time acknowledges that modern improvement needs to be anthropology's important quarter of analysis. The creation offers a thought-provoking exam of the relevant new techniques that experience emerged within the self-discipline through the Nineteen Nineties. half I then makes transparent the complexity of social switch and improvement, and the ways that socio-anthropology can degree as much as the problem of this complexity. half II appears to be like extra heavily at a number of the prime variables interested by the advance method, together with kinfolk of creation; the logics of social motion; the character of data; kinds of mediation; and "political" techniques.
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Extra resources for Anthropology and Development: Understanding Comtemporary Social Change
Besides, Kilani hastily accuses anthropology of development of yielding to the ‘current trend’ by rallying to development ideologies without taking the trouble of argumentation (Kilani, 1994: 29). He thus demonstrates his ignorance of the works accumulated over the last twenty years. ; 20). It is indeed true that ‘development’ is not a concept. But it is this very ‘object’ status that allows us to speak of anthropology of development without taking over conceptions held by ‘developers’. Urban anthropology can be carried out even if ‘town’ is not a concept and without assuming an urbanist’s ideology!
3 These useful expressions have their drawbacks: they can indeed lead us to believe that all ‘developers’ (or all ‘developees’) are being put in the same bag. The only interest of this type of general opposition is to underline an undeniable, massive cleavage seen from a ‘broad perspective’: developers, on one hand, and developees, on the other, do not belong to the same life world. But it is obviously not a matter of two homogeneous categories. ODSardan 02a 15/12/04 40 6:58 am Page 40 SOCIO - ANTHROPOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT 4 These theories are more and more tied nowadays to the different neo-liberal trends, in consequence of the collapse of trends formerly in competition (themselves normative and macroeconomic), in particular those connected to marxism and which advocate a breakaway from the world market.
The question of the multiple factors of various types to be taken into account, if we are to procure the tools to allow us to understand social change in general, and the interactions of developers and developees in particular, will be incessantly raised. Technical, economic, institutional, political, social and ODSardan 02a 15/12/04 6:58 am Page 39 SOME PRELIMINARY STATEMENTS 39 symbolic logics, each with its system of constraints and its particular context, will be continually evoked. Consequently, the reader should not be overly surprised to find numerous interconnected themes which echo one another throughout the following chapters.