ARAB-MUSLIM CIVILIZATION IN THE MIRROR OF THE UNIVERSAL: by UNESCO publication

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Without the minister the prince becomes weaker, and without the prince the minister has no UHDVRQ WR H[LVW ,QGHHG UHDVRQ DQG HGXFDWLRQ DUH similar to the furbisher and the sword. When the furbisher receives a sword, he polishes it and turns it into a beautiful valuable object, ready to be used. The furbisher is education (adab) and the sword is reason (al-aql). Whenever education meets with reason it may EHQH¿W LW LW PD\ VXSSRUW DQG VWUHQJWKHQ LW DQG SXW LW RQ the right track in the same way as the furbisher does.

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