Architecture Since 1400 by Kathleen James-Chakraborty

By Kathleen James-Chakraborty

The 1st worldwide historical past of structure to provide equivalent realization to Western and non-Western constructions and outfitted landscapes, structure seeing that 1400 is exceptional in its diversity, process, and perception. From Tenochtitlan's nice Pyramid in Mexico urban and the Duomo in Florence to Levittown's suburban tract housing and the Bird's Nest Stadium in Beijing, its insurance comprises the world's such a lot celebrated constructions and areas besides many examples of extra humble vernacular structures. Lavishly illustrated with greater than three hundred photos, plans, and interiors, this e-book offers key moments and options in architectural modernity round the globe.

Deftly integrating architectural and social background, Kathleen James-Chakraborty can pay specific recognition to the motivations of consumer and architect within the layout and building of environments either sacred and secular: palaces and areas of worship in addition to such generally glossy constructions because the skyscraper, the dept shop, and the cinema. She additionally makes a speciality of the position of buyers and addresses to an remarkable measure the influence of girls in commissioning, developing, and inhabiting the equipped surroundings, with Gertrude Jekyll, Lina Bo Bardi, and Zaha Hadid taking their position beside Brunelleschi, Sinan, and Le Corbusier.

Making transparent that visionary structure hasn't ever been the particular area of the West and spotting the variety of these liable for commissioning, designing, and developing structures, structure seeing that 1400 presents a sweeping, cross-cultural heritage of the outfitted setting over six centuries.

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Scholars have speculated that the arc of the so-called Temple of the Sun corresponded to that of the rainbows frequently seen at Machu Picchu, although the solar temples in Cuzco have no such astronomical alignment. For the Incas, rainbows were a means of communicating with the sun. Certainly various features here do match annual celestial events, such as the summer solstice. Another feature is known, for obvious reasons, as the Temple of Three Windows. Its form possibly referred to an Inca creation story.

Small, numbering several tens of thousands, still a substantial number in an era when the largest Spanish city—Seville—had roughly sixty thousand inhabitants. At its height, the Inca empire had a population of perhaps eight million. 6). The city had a large central plaza and districts laid out along grids. Many of the streets had canals running down their centers. The determining factor of the plan was more unusual, however. The city appears to have been built in the image of a puma, the fiercest example of local wildlife.

On Cuzco, see Brian S. Bauer, Ancient Cuzco: Heart of the Inca (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004); on Inca masonry, Jean-Pierre Protzen, Inca Architecture and Construction at Ollantaytambo (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993); and on Machu Picchu, Richard L. Burger and Lucy C. : Yale University Press, 2004). 3 Brunelleschi I n 1418 the city of Florence in what is now Italy held an architectural competition. More than one hundred years after work had begun on Santa Maria del Fiore (Our Lady of the Flower), the city’s cathedral, construction had reached an impasse.

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